How to properly care for your teeth

Beautiful sparkling smile want to have everything without exception. It is very important to have healthy teeth. However, even a very good dentist can not do anything if a person does not pay enough attention to oral hygiene and care for their teeth. After all, in fact, the main work to preserve their teeth healthy and beautiful, we have to do on their own.

To protect yourself from caries and other dental problems, you should always follow the rules of dental care. And it must be done since infancy. Today we will talk about what children and adults should do to always have a beautiful smile.


Children, especially very young, can not yet take care of themselves, in particular, for the teeth.

Dental care in children should be carried out more carefully than in adults. This is due to several factors. Features of milk teeth

  • The child’s body is more strongly affected by the environment, bacteria and other things. The kids have a faster the metabolism, and therefore all processes, including dental disease, grow faster.

  • In addition, the structure of milk teeth is slightly different from the structure of the indigenous. They have a different shape, a shade of enamel and a slightly larger inner cavity. The roots are smaller, however, they have a large number of additional channels, because for the full performance of its functions milk teeth require a more complex device.

  • At the same time, they are much less mineralized than permanent ones. They have a thinner hard layers of dentin and enamel. Therefore, they are not only quickly erased, but all pathological processes, such as carious lesions, are faster.

In connection with these features, when caring for the baby’s teeth, it is necessary to observe the mandatory rules. And for parents lies not only educating your child, until then, until there is a full dentition in adolescence.

Start caring for your teeth should be in early childhood

Start the procedure should be from the moment the first tooth is erupted. This usually takes about six months to seven months. Of course, at this time you can not use conventional hygiene products such as brushes and pastes. Cleaning the surface should be carried out very carefully, so as not to damage the surrounding tissue, a piece of gauze or special wipes. There are also special brushes made of silicone and similar materials in the form of fingertips. They clean the enamel surface well. In the article: the third block the right choice of brushes for each age has its own rules for choosing toothbrushes. The first full brush should appear in the baby about 2-3 years. At this time, the teeth have already erupted and the child has grown enough to learn how to use such tools on their own. A prerequisite for the first brush-artificial bristles, which should be as soft as possible. Modern artificial materials prevent the reproduction of bacteria and do not cause allergic reactions in the child. The size of the head should be correlated with the size of the teeth themselves – it should not overlap more than three units at a time. Optimally, about 18 mm.

The choice of toothpaste

Equally important is the choice of pasta. Quality products from trusted manufacturers are always marked on the tube, which indicates the age category. It is necessary that the age indicated on the paste corresponds to the age of the child. Here are a few things that parents should pay special attention to:

  • Age 0-4 years. The abrasiveness index is not more than 20 units, fluorine is either absent or its quantity does not exceed 200 ppm.

  • Age 4-8 years. Abrasiveness – no more than 50 units, and the amount of fluorine – up to 500 ppm.

  • Age 8-14 years. Abrasiveness – up to 50 conventional units, and fluorine and its compounds already up to 1400 ppm.

It is also necessary to take into account a variety of binders and functional additives. It is desirable that in the children’s paste was not triclosan, sorbitol, sodium lauryl sulfate, artificial colors and chemical flavorings. But the presence of natural enzymes (lactoferin, papain), natural protein components and biologically active calcium will be useful.

Proper cleaning

In addition to the choice of the correct brush and toothpaste, parents should teach the child directly to properly brush your teeth. First of all, you need to remember that this should be done daily, at least twice. In the morning before Breakfast and in the evening right before bedtime. It is best if such a procedure, even in a light version, is carried out every time after a meal. Day this can apply just a thorough rinsing. Dentists have long developed a technique that allows you to clean the surface of the enamel from bacteria, food debris and plaque. The child needs to be taught this technique from the beginning, regardless of age and possible reluctance.

  • The brush should be pre-moistened with clean water, and then applied directly to the bristles of the paste. The number is very small – about the size of a pea.

  • All movements of the brush when cleaning the side surfaces should have the correct direction – from the gum to the top of the tooth. That is, from below upwards in the lower jaw and the upper Vice versa.

  • The lateral teeth have a chewing surface, which should be cleaned towards the Central teeth.

  • Be sure to cover all three directions during cleaning – internal surfaces, external, as well as chewing parts.

  • The movement should be “sweeping”.

  • To clean the inside of the front teeth, the brush should be kept upright.

  • In order to remove all possible deposits from distant hard-to-reach areas, it is better to hold the brush at an angle of 45° to the gums.

  • During the use of the brush, the mouth must be kept open. In addition to all the above, you need to monitor the proper nutrition of the child, to limit the use of so-called fast carbohydrates, that is, sweets between meals.


For adults, there are also recommendations of dentists for dental care. They are somewhat different from children, but they must be observed equally carefully. We clean correctly Directly cleaning technique we have already described. It is absolutely no different from the one that is recommended for children. However, it should be remembered that each procedure, conducted twice a day, should take at least two minutes, and ideally – three minutes. Each site during this time it is necessary to clear about ten times. This applies to the native teeth and artificial crowns: metal, zirconium, etc. Selection brush toothbrush for adults there are many. They differ in size, location of the bristles, the material from which they are made, and indicators of softness. In order to make the perfect choice, you should consult with your dentist, who will take into account not only the shape and location of the teeth, but also the quality of enamel and many other factors. Now you can buy a lot of pastes that are radically different in their composition and action. They can be therapeutic, preventive, bleaching and so on. It is also better to ask a recommendation from your dentist about the appointment, composition, abrasiveness and other indicators. The advantages of the irrigator Braun Oral B Professional Care Oxyjet md 20 obvious. Let’s find out whether teeth whitening is harmful in dentistry and read the reviews of patients who have undergone this procedure.

The use of additional hygiene products Is primarily dental floss or, as they are called, floss. The fact is that the gaps between the teeth are too small to get there from the bristles of the brush. Therefore, in most cases, they remain uncleaned. It is there that the greatest number of bacterial plaque and microscopic food remains accumulate. The use of floss after each meal, as well as in conjunction with the direct use of paste and brush, will help to remove the maximum amount of dirt. In addition, recently dentists often advise patients to use an irrigator. It is a device that cleans the enamel surface even in hard-to-reach places with the help of pressurized water jet. Instead of water, you can also use a variety of rinses that protect against excessive amounts of pathogenic bacteria. Apply rinses can be (and even need) and separately, without irrigator. Food for adults, as well as for kids, a large number of commonly consumed sweets leads to the risk of caries. In order to avoid this, it is necessary to reduce the frequency of its use. It is also necessary to eat solid foods, such as fresh vegetables and fruits. They act as a natural cleaner, simply removing from the surface of the enamel remains of viscous food and bacterial plaque.


There are a few more individual recommendations that will help to care for your teeth.

  • Chewing gum is good for you. They remove dirt and plaque after eating, when there is no possibility to use a brush. However, it is better to choose those in which no sugar and eat no more than 7-10 minutes.

  • Caution should apply to a solid object to crack nuts, open bottles, cut the synthetic fishing line, thread and so on.

  • Careful also need to be when eating foods with very different temperatures. For example, alternate hot coffee with ice cream. It’s bad for the enamel.

  • The brush should be only one for one person. It is unacceptable to share due to the fact that everyone has different microflora in the oral cavity. You need to monitor the health of your teeth on your own, but do not get carried away with care at home and forget about preventive examinations at the dentist. This will help to identify problems at an early stage.

And in conclusion-a small video on the topic of dental care: